All verbs are regular. Verbs are usually ending with "u" but not all words ending with "u" are verbs. Maj has an unusually large number of verbs. Many verbs are related to nouns and adjectives. The only difference is the last letter.
Maj is a regular language. Maj verbs do not change root with gender, time, number or use-case. We use suffixes to establish verb conjugation. Particles can be used after the verb as a suffix or independent as a word.
The most basic form of a verb, without any inflection or suffix is called infinitive form:
- Ea vhzu una flora = I see a flower.
- Noi venu sh vhzu el flora= We came to see the flower.
- El gatse sonu siro = Boys are thirsty.
- Zhi dovu sh bebu algo = They must drink something.
|Present||oi||Mh joku oi||I'm playing now|
|Past||pa||Mh joku pa||I have played|
|Future||va||Mh joku va||I will play|
|Conditional Present||ra||Mh joku ra ||I would play|
|Negation||nu||Nu mh joku||I do not play|
Note: Verb conjugation is a little more complex than this but we need to present composite words before we continue with examples about verb conjugation. Read on ...
An action that does not happen or will happen only if specific conditions are met is a conditional mood of the verb. We use the "ra" particle to create a conditional mood.
- Ea voru-ra el paca sh doru po imo = I wish the peace to last forever.
- Ea desa-ra para omi xete plu feza = I wish for all people more happiness.
- Ea sonu ia satso, ergo ea nu nesu moka = I'm already full, therefore I do not need food.
The imperative mood is used to make a command or request to a second person or many other persons. To make imperative sentences, you must use a specific form of pronoun as a suffix to refer to the subject of action. This form of pronoun has only 2 letters.
- Xai mocu! = come on eat!
- Xai dicu-ne algo! = come on tell us something!
- Xei toa, macu-te! = hey you, walk!
- Xei tu, dicu-ne vi! = hey you, tell us why!
- Toa nu dicu-zh nada! = you don't tell them anything!
- Toa dovu sh nu vobu de nada! = you must not talk about anything!
This is a mood of verbs frequently used in Maj to express what is imagined or possible or necessary. We use the particle "sh" that is read /sə/ and is translated in English as "to".
- Noi posu sh andu! = We can go!
- Ea posu sh mh lavu! = I can wash myself!
- Sua dovu sh se lavu! = He must wash himself!
- Sua zolu-ra sh se lavu! = He should have wash himself!
There are two rules for a proposition to become a question. First is to use an interrogative particle or an auxiliary verb. Second is to end the proposition with a question mark (?)
Most explicit interrogative sentences start with the pronoun "moa". The root word "ker" can be used to create a family of interrogative words:
- keru = ask/ asking
- kera = demand/ request
- kero = demanding
Next words are interrogative particles or relative pronouns. We use these to create interrogative propositions or expressions. Most interrogative proposition will start with one of these words:
|kyt||how much||kyte||how many||
Two words can create a new interrogation that may be covered with a single word in English. Maj enable complex questions using expressions similar to other Romance languages:
- de kin = from who?
- al kin = whose?
- po kes = for what?
- kyth = how much?
- kyte = how many?
For affirmative responses we use three most significant words:
- da = yes
- vero = true
- kico = perhaps
For negative response we use three most significant words:
- nu = no
- faso = false
- nixo = negative
A: In this example we demonstrate negative responses
- Sonu vero kh toa sonu ivro? = Is it true that you are drunk?
- Nu; esta sonu faso! = No, this is false!
- Ea nu sonu ivro. = I'm not drunk.
- Ea sonu un piko dozo. = I'm a little dizzy.
B: In this example we demonstrate a positive response
- Sonu-toa xago? = Are you hungry?
- Xa, ea sonu moro de xaga! = Yes, I'm dead of hunger!
- Poi xai salu sh moku algo; = Then let's go out to eat something